Whether media is in the Public Domain, open access, commercially licensed or self-produced, you must give an indication of its source in order to use it in an academic context.
Citation is a matter of academic integrity, and applies to text as well as media.
In general, your citation should include information about both the image and the source of the image. When elements of the description are missing, provide enough information so that the image can be traced to its source. You may leave out the author name if none is provided. If no title for the image is provided, create a descriptive title framed in quotes.
If the image is your own, you could cite it as unpublished resource. On the other hand, you could also post it online (with the appropriate Creative Commons license, of course), and cite from the resulting page.
Georgia O’Keeffe, The Cliff Chimneys,1938, in Barbara Buhler Lyens, Georgia O’Keeffe and New Mexico: A Sense of Place (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004), 25.
Mark Rothko, Orange and Red on Red, 1957, The Phillips Collection, Washington DC. Artstor, database, JPG, www.artstor.org. (accessed September 20, 2013).
These works provide detailed information on citation styles. See the examples below.
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