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Islamic Bioethics (IMSE Project)
The Islamic Medical and Scientific Ethics (IMSE) Project is a collaborative effort of Georgetown Libraries to produce a comprehensive collection of resources pertaining to Islamic perspectives in the broad field of bioethics.
19.3; 1.2; 2.1; 7.1; 8.1; 19.5 ; em
This is an ethnographic study of live, related kidney donation in Pakistan, based on Farhat Moazam's participant-observer research conducted at a public hospital. Her narrative is both a "thick" description of renal transplant cases and the cultural, ethical, and family conflicts that accompany them, and an object lesson in comparative bioethics.
2.1; 1.2; 12.3; 20.2.1; 20.5.1; 21.2
Islamic Ethics of Life considers three of the most contentious ethical issues of our time—abortion, war, and euthanasia—from the Muslim perspective. Distinguished scholars of Islamic studies have collaborated to produce a volume that both integrates Muslim thinking into the field of applied ethics and introduces readers to an aspect of the religion long overlooked in the West. This collective effort sets forth the relationship between Islamic ethics and law, clearly revealing the complexity and richness of the Islamic tradition as well as its responsiveness to these controversial modern issues.
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This book presents a critical analysis of the debate in Muslim countries at the religious, legal and political level, sparked by the introduction of new biomedical technologies such as cloning, genetics, organ transplants and in vitro fertilisation. The book draws on law, sociology, anthropology, politics and the history of science. For this reason it will be of interest to scholars and operators in a wide variety of disciplines and fields.
2.1; 1.2; 7.4; 12.4.2; 14.1; 14.5; 19.1; 20.5.1
This book is based on the author's doctoral thesis, Responses in Islamic Jurisprudence to Developments in Medical Science. It examines some of the most burning issues of the last four decades of the twentieth century. He examines in depth a wide range of legal and moral aspects of responsibility and medical liability within the context of the religion of Islam, with particular reference to: euthanasia, prevention and termination of preganancy, reproduction and cloning, and transplantation.
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Muslim Medical Ethics draws on the work of historians, health-care professionals, theologians, and social scientists to produce an interdisciplinary view of medical ethics in Muslim societies and of the impact of caring for Muslim patients in non-Muslim societies. Edited by Jonathan E. Brockopp and Thomas Eich, the volume challenges traditional presumptions of theory and practice to demonstrate the ways in which Muslims balance respect for their heritage with the health issues of a modern world.
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In this pioneering work, Abdulaziz Sachedina - a scholar with life-long academic training in Islamic law - relates classic Muslim religious values to the new ethical challenges that arise from medical research and practice. He depends on Muslim legal theory, but then looks deeper than juridical practice to search for the underlying reasons that determine the rightness or wrongness of a particular action. Drawing on the work of diverse Muslim theologians, he outlines a form of moral reasoning that can derive and produce decisions that underscore the spirit of the Shari'a.
Selected Islamic Bioethics Resources
Islamic Bioethics Project- The Islamic Bioethics Project (IBP) at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service in Qatar aims to serve as a general guide for research in the interdisciplinary field of Islamic bioethics. IBP provides information on related resources, institutions, events, links, and news of interest to scholars and researchers in the field of bioethics and also to non-specialists who want to learn more about the interface between Islam and bioethics.
Initiative on Islam and Medicine- The Initiative seeks to improve the health of American Muslims by assessing how Muslim patients' health behaviors and experiences are shaped by Islam, and to provide Muslim patients, healthcare practitioners, chaplains, and Imams with the intellectual resources to engage with modern medicine faithfully. The Initiative will demarcate the field of applied bioethics by describing the discursive and methodological gaps in Islamic ethico-legal judgements (fatawa and qararat) and work together with Islamic authorities to set out theologically-rooted normative goals for contemporary biomedicine.
Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences- The mission of the Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences (IOMS) is to revive Islamic values and commitment to ethical conduct in the field of medical services by providing health professionals with jurisprudent conclusions based on Islamic Sharia concerning medical innovations and scientific research.
Center for Biomedical Ethics and Culture - The Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture (CBEC), SIUT was inaugurated on October 8, 2004 in Karachi, and remains the only such centre in Pakistan to date. CBEC was established recognizing the need for ethics related education and research in Pakistan that are relevant and responsive to local cultural and social realities, and the absence of any institution in the country dedicated to this task at a national level.
Federation of Islamic Medical Associations - The goal of the Federation of Islamic Medical Associations (FIMA) is to foster the unity and welfare of Muslim Medical professionals worldwide, to promote the understanding and application of Islamic principles in the field of medicine, and to establish Islamic medical activities including health services, education and research through cooperation among member organizations.
Islamic Medical Association of North America - The mission of IMANA is to provide a forum and resource for Muslim physicians and other health care professionals, to promote a greater awareness of Islamic medical ethics and values among Muslims and the community-at-large, to provide humanitarian and medical relief, and to be an advocate in health care policy.
16th Century Ottoman Written Consent Document
The IMSE project identifies both classic and contemporary resources. This early version of informed consent is one classic document added to the collection.
The image above is of a written consent document from the Ottoman era dated 1539. It is thought to be the first written consent in medical history. The original document is from Gaziantep, Turkey, formerly know as Aintab, Ottoman Empire. The English translation follows:
"The reason for this report to be written is: The Kimya's son Mahli, resident of Sehrekustu district, came with Dr. Nazar's son Budak to the shariah court and Mahli stated that 'My son Ibrahim has stones in his inguinum. This doctor surgically excises the stones. We agreed on four gold pieces and paid one. He is discharged from other liabilities, in the name of God. In case of God's divine decree and my son's death during his incision and excision, we will not sue him.' "