Reviews and approves applications for immigration benefits, including immigrant visa petitions, naturalization petitions, and asylum and refugee applications. Part of the Department of Homeland Security.
Includes several offices, including the Board of Immigration Appeals, the immigration judges, and the administrative law judges. Immigration judges conduct removal hearings; administrative law judges hear cases involving employers and those alleging document fraud. The EOIR is part of the Department of Justice.
Judges preside over hearings on many kinds of labor-related matters, including matters involving immigrants and aliens. Includes the Board of Alien Labor Certifications, which reviews denials of certification of aliens for certain immigrant visas.