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View of Georgetown campus from the Virginia side of the Potomac

View of Georgetown campus from the Virginia side of the Potomac

Integrated Marketing Communications: Chicago 16th Edition

Style Guides: Chicago Style 16th Edition

 

Examples

Common Citation Examples: 

In-Direct Sources:

Because authors are generally expected to be intimately familiar with the sources they are citing, Chicago discourages the use of a source that was cited within another (secondary) source. In the case that an original source is utterly unavailable, however, Chicago recommends the use of "quoted in" for the note:

N:

7. Ian Hacking, The Social Construction of What? (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999), 103, quoted in Manuel DeLanda, A New Philosophy of Society (New York: Continuum, 2006), 2.

IBIS World Reports:

N: 1 Nick Petrillo, “IBISWorld Industry Report 31212CA: Breweries in United States – May 2015,” 18-21, accessed July 12, 2015, IBISWorld.

B: Petrillo, Nick. “IBISWorld Industry Report 31212CA: Breweries in United States – May 2015.” Accessed October 14, 2015. IBISWorld.

Mintel Reports:

N: 1 Bryant Harland, “Mobile Apps – US – October 2014.” Mintel.  Accessed October 17, 2015, Mintel.

B: Harland, Bryant. “Mobile Apps – US – October 2014.” Mintel.  Accessed October 17, 2015, Mintel.

Simmons OneView Survey Data:

N: 1 Experian Simmons, “Fall 2012 National Household Consumer Survey Adult Study 6 Month.” Accessed October 14, 2015. Simmons OneView.

B: Experian Simmons, “Fall 2012 National Household Consumer Survey Adult Study 6 Month.” Accessed October 14, 2015. Simmons OneView.

Personal Communications:

N: Constance Conlon, e-mail message to author, April 17, 2016.

BReferences to conversations (whether face-to-face or by telephone) or to letters, e-mail or text messages, and the like received by the author are usually run in to the text or given in a note. They are rarely listed in a bibliography.